Preparing Mediterranean Artichokes


How to prepare Mediterranean Artichokes

Here’s a great way to prepare thistles. Yes, you read that correctly. Mediterranean artichokes, or any variety for that matter, are in fact a thistle. We’ve been munching on these otherwise prickly plants in the form of artichokes or cardoons since the times of ancient Greece and Rome. They were even said to be an aphrodisiac. Hmmm. Put that under your pillow! They most likely originated out of North Africa, Sicily or Greece, and the scientific name is Cynara Cardunculus. That sounds vulgar!

Growing up in Wisconsin, I have to admit I only discovered artichokes in my 20’s, probably when I studied in Italy, and then in the form of a jarred variety marinated in olive oil. ‘Ya know, they weren’t potatoes or broccoli…’ They’ve been an anomaly for me as to how I get those otherwise hard, venus-flytrap-like plants into something mildly edible… until now.

Artichokes for Italian Easter

I was recently researching what Italians have for their traditional Easter menu, and besides lamb, lamb and lamb, artichokes kept coming up. And I thought, ‘Great. I’m going to conquer this one.’ So I went to Italy for the day just before Easter to the market in Ventimiglia to see what was fresh. And true to order, there were mounds and mounds of artichokes. I knew nothing about any of the varieties – there were green ones and reddish ones. I thought the reddish ones were cute (Ya know, important decisions) and so I went with those. 10 artichokes for $5. Ok, it could be the best or worst 5 bucks I’ve spent, but I was keen to give these a go.

Mounds of fresh Mediterranean Artichokes from the Ventimiglia market
Mounds of fresh Mediterranean Artichokes from the Ventimiglia market

Quick Artichoke preparation ideas

I had four suggestions of how to prepare artichokes – Two friends from Nice piped in. One said , “Just rise them, make a vinaigrette, and dunk the tip of the leaves in it and eat. Raw artichokes are soooo good.” Another said, “Roast them in really hot oven with tons of olive oil and salt – then squirt some lemon when they’re nice and crispy.”

Then I received a couple of vocal recipes from the sister of a friend, Patricia, who’s from Naples. I assume these were her mum’s recipes. One was to rinse the artichokes in water and lemon so they don’t brown. Dry them off, do an egg wash,  ‘flower’ them and fry them in oil. Uggg. I’m not great at frying anything other than my hair with the hairdryer! And the other was to simply steam them in a double boiler bath that has garlic, oil, parsley. After they are tender in about 20-30 minutes, they can be served by dipping the leaves in olive oil, salt and pepper. Then you scrape them through your teeth. Hmmm…. So, with my 10 artichokes, I decided to try two different recipes and this is what I did.

Tips of artichokes
Cut off the top of the artichoke and snip any other pointy tips

Simple Steamed Mediterranean Artichokes

Steaming artichokes
Steam the artichokes with tops up or down in a double boiler
  • Cut about ¼ of the TOP of the artichoke and trim any remaining pointy leaves with a scissor.
  • Cut off the stem of the artichoke tight to the base so it’s flat
  • Spritz a bit of lemon juice inside the artichoke heart while waiting
  • Prepare a double boiler adding enough water to hit an inch or so below the boiler pan. Add a couple cloves of minced garlic, squeeze in juice from a whole lemon and I added a bit of cardamom/coriander spice. You can also add parsley. OR you can also put these INSIDE the artichokes as well.
  • Steam the artichokes with the head down in the basket (if you put the garlic, oil, lemon and spices in the water) or upright if you put the garlic, oil… inside the artichokes) for about 20 minutes first to see if you can insert a knife in the base. If it’s tender, it’s done. If not, wait another 10 minutes. I steamed it for about 30 minutes and it was a bit too done, but it depends on your taste.
  • Pull out the artichokes and arrange on a plate. Then I put olive oil, salt and pepper in a bowl. Just start pulling the leaves off the artichoke, dip them in the olive oil and then ‘scrape’ the meat off into your mouth. Heavenily…

Baked Mediterranean Artichokes

Preparing Mediterranean artichokes Olive oil and garlic in preparing Mediterranean artichokes

Adding sea salt to Mediterranean artichokes before bakingBaked Mediterranean Artichokes

This one intrigued me as I love shoving things in the oven…

  • Cut about ¼ of the TOP of the artichoke and trim any remaining pointy leaves with a scissor.
  • Cut off the stem of the artichoke tight to the base of the artichoke
  • Spritz a bit of lemon juice on the artichoke while waiting so it doesn’t brown
  • Arrange the artichokes in a baking dish for ease of preparation with the TOP up
  • Pull the leaves open a bit to separate them (for ease of adding in oil and salt)
  • *BE CAREFUL when you start opening the leaves in the middle of the artichoke. I was sticking my fingers in there and that thistle bit is still very prickly to the point where it will seriously draw blood if you are not careful.
  • Insert a knife in the middle of the heart of the artichoke to open it a bit and insert a whole clove of garlic
  • Sprinkle olive oil on top of the artichoke, give a good squeeze of lemon and add salt
  • Put the artichokes on a piece of aluminum foil and drizzle a bit of the lemon/oil that is in the bottom of the preparation pan. There’s a bunch that seeps out!
  • Fold up tightly in one piece of aluminum foil and then double wrap in another piece of aluminum foil.
  • Put the artichokes into a baking dish and put them into the oven for about 1.5 hours on 425F. I used about 225C and it worked just fine.
pour the olive oil and lemon juice on top before baking artichokes
Pour any remaining olive oil and lemon juice over the artichoke
Wrap the artichoke in two sets of aluminium foil so they don't dry out
Wrap the artichoke in two sets of aluminium foil
mediterranean artichokes ready for the oven
Wrapped the artichokes in two sets of aluminium foil
Finished Baked Mediterranean Artichoke
Finished Baked Mediterranean Artichoke

I actually liked the baked version better as the leaves had more flavor and you didn’t need to prepare a dip. The leaves were more tender all around and there was more meat to eat. The steamed ones were good, but I felt like I needed more ‘stuff’ in the water for the artichokes to actually absorb. They were tender and I used an olive oil, salt and pepper dip, but the garlic/spices I added didn’t seem to add much. Next time I will definitely steam them upright.

Artichokes are actually quite filling even though they don’t look it. I thought 10 would be a small appetizer, but they are quite substantial overall. Hope you enjoy!!


Life On The Mediterranean

US expat living the life on the Mediterranean in the South of France. I regularly travel to Spain, Italy, Greece and other intriguing locations around the Mediterranean. Former Hyatt Corp Marketing Manager, student accommodation director and hotel photoshoot art director.


  1. Crystal
    May 31, 2018 at 9:05 pm

    I love how you’ve presented this. Your photos are great and help a lot. It makes me want to go and buy some artichokes noe 🙂

    • Anonymous
      May 31, 2018 at 9:08 pm

      Thanks Crystal. To be honest, I thought this would be a complete failure. I had no idea how easy it was. It does take a bit of time and steaming is easier but the baked version were more flavourful. Let me know how it goes for you! And thanks for the comment.

  2. adventuredawgs
    April 8, 2018 at 5:35 pm

    Those look almost too pretty to eat…almost.

    • Anonymous
      April 8, 2018 at 8:01 pm

      They were surprisingly much more easy to prepare than I had imagined. Will definitely do this again. Thanks for your comment!

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